Pattern of Trypanosoma evansi infection among slaughtered CAMELS (Camelus dromedarius) in Sokoto central abattoir

  • S.Y. Argungu Department of Biological Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
  • A.Y. Bala Department of Biological Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
  • B. Liman Department of Biological Sciences, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto..

Abstract

The aim of this research work was to monitor the pattern of Trypanosoma evansi infection among slaughtered camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Sokoto central abattoir. This study was carried out between June to September, 2012. Two hundred blood samples from different camels were used for the study, and conventional parasitological technique was used to determine the prevalence of infection. Out of 200 camels examined, 63(31.5%) were found to be infected with T. evansi. Female camels were found to be significantly more infected, 37(34.64%) compared to males, 26(28.5%). Based on age group, camels aged 10-12 years old were observed to be more infected 8(40.0%) than the other groups, however, the difference between the groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Result showed that, animals with body temperature of 39-41oC found to be significantly more infected (44.0%) when compared to those with 34-38oC having prevalence of 29.7%. Findings showed that female camels were found to be more susceptible to be infected and based on age; statistics confirms that all camels have equal chance to be infected with T. evansi. However, animals with higher body temperature happens to be more infected. Thus, it’s recommended that prevalence study to be routinely in order to monitor the increase or decrease of the infection, and also bring up to date data for government and researchers about the infection for proper containment. Key Words: T. evansi, Camels, Age, Sokoto.

Author Biographies

S.Y. Argungu, Department of Biological Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
Department of Biological Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
A.Y. Bala, Department of Biological Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
Department of Biological Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
B. Liman, Department of Biological Sciences, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto..
Department of Biological Sciences, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto..

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Published
2017-03-07
Section
Articles