Bleaching of Anthozoans at Dwarka and Mithapur coast, Gujarat, India

Kinjal R. Shah, Khushali M. Pandya, Kapil Kumar Upadhyay, Pradeep C. Mankodi


Bleaching is the breakdown of symbiotic relation of anthozoans and zooxanthellae. Bleaching at local scales has been reported for almost a century. Mass bleaching at larger geographical scales, is relatively a new phenomenon. There are major factors like elevated temperature and ocean acidification; factors like high solar irradiance, sedimentation and sometimes disease have also been reported for bleaching. Here we have reported bleaching of some anthozoans at Mithapur and Dwarka coast.

Key Words: Bleaching, Corals, Zoanthids, Sea-anemon

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